Usually a leave application for marriage is submitted by an employee to the boss or management to apply for days of absence due to the wedding.

Although most companies allow a certain number of days for marriage, most may require a formal application for the marriage leave. This letter could serve as a cover letter to the wedding leave application of the company.

As it is a leave application letter, the reason for which you are taking the leave should be explained in a clear way.

In this case, as it is a ‘marriage leave application’ you need to mention the details like how many days you need leave and if you are inviting your colleagues asking permission on their behalf to attend the marriage.

In the end, mention you are expecting a positive reply as it is an application letter and thank you them in advance.

Tips to write a leave application for marriage

Tips to write marriage leave request –

  • As the letter will address the higher authorities in office, it should use the formal tone and should be  concise.
  • All details needs to be filled correctly so that your boss is aware when you are taking leave.
  • Ask if more information required on your end.
  • Before writing letter, speak to your direct supervisor and discuss the leave details.

Sample Marriage Leave Letter:

The following is a sample of Marriage Leave application letter
Sample 01


Edna O’Brien,
QA Executive,
Thornton Sound Systems.



Mr. Bob Seymour,
HR Manager,
Thornton Sound Systems.

Subject: Marriage Leave application

Dear Sir,

I am writing to submit the above mentioned leave application for your kind approval and processing.

I, Edna O’Brien, am working as a QA Executive in your company since 2009. I am writing this letter to apply leave for eight days as I intend to get married on February 14, 2011, in conjunction with Valentine’s Day. As it is the company rule to fill a leave form for leave, enclosed is a copy of the company’s leave form for marriage which I have duly filled up.

I shall be taking my marriage entitlement leave of 3 days from February 9-11, 2011 with five days of my annual leave, from February 14-18, 2011. February 12, 13, 19 and 20 are weekends. As my number of leave days are within the limit of annual leave, I think you have no problem with my leave application.

Hence, I shall only be reporting to work on February 21, 2011. My boss, Mr. Henry Majors, is aware of my leave plans and we have worked out my work responsibilities during my absence. As all the alternatives for the work have been done in my absence, I hope to hear a favorable reply from you soon so that I can proceed with my marriage preparations as you know huge work has to be done.

I want my team colleagues to attend for my marriage so kindly give a three-hour permission to them for attending my marriage. Thank you for your kind cooperation. Hope you would react positively in this situation.

Yours Sincerely,


Sample 02


Jennifer D’Silva
Advertising Management Head
Global Advertising Agency
New Delhi

Date: January 11th, 2016


Anupam Sinha

Head of Human Resource Department
Global Advertising Agency
New Delhi

Respected Sir,

Subject: Request for leave

My name is Jennifer D’Silva and I am the head of the Advertising Management Department of Global Advertising Agency. I have a wedding coming up in my family of my elder brother on the 28th of January, 2016. I would like to request the management to allow me to take a leave from the office from the 25th of January to 30th of January, 2016 as I would have to be present in all the functions of my brother’s wedding.

A Project Presentation has to be done on the 27th of January by the Advertising Management department which I was supposed to head, but as I mentioned before, I would not be available on that date and thus, would like my colleague, Ashwin Jain, of my department to take my place in the meeting. I have already briefed him on the Project, but in case of any queries, you can contact me on my personal cell number that I have already provided with my Assistance, Nandini Tripathi.

I would like to kindly request you to process my application for leave and let me make use of my 1 week of paid leave that I have still left for this business year

Looking forward to a positive reply from your side and thanking you in anticipation.

Yours sincerely,

Jennifer D’Silva

Advertising Management Head
Global Advertising Agency

Some washing machines are larger than others, but what size do you need?  Have you wondered as “what is the cubic feet of my whirlpool washer?” It all depend on the washing machine capacity.

Often we see a washing machine described as a 5kg machine or a 10kg washer. This does not indicate the weight of the machine. It is the capacity.

This article will explain what washing machine capacity means and whether a large or small machine is suitable for you.

What is washing machine capacity?

Though the range of common washing capacities for old machine is 3.2 to 3.5 cubic feet, it has grown over the period and nowadays, capacity below the 3.0 cubic feet is considered as small while anything above the 3.8 cubic feet is termed as large.

The description you see under a washing machine’s name as 5 kg washer or 7.5 kg machine is not the weight referred to the machine itself. It describes the laundry load that the machine can do comfortably without taking too much time and without using extra power.

Now you may wonder whether the capacity in kilograms is measured in dry or wet clothes? Remember, it is always estimated according to the weight of dry clothes. When you see a washer described as a 10 kg machine, you know that it can comfortably clean the 10 kg load of the dry laundry.

Washing Capacity:

Washing Machine Capacity

The exact amount you can fit into the machine will vary depending on the style and fabric of your clothes.

However, as a general rule, a standard 1 kg machine means it can wash five t-shirts in a single load comfortably. Let’s take a closer look at what capacity is ideal for you.

6 kg washing machine

This washing machine can wash 30 t-shirts at single load comfortable but for normal use:


Household items

Lightweight tops x6 Small towels x5
Trouser/Jeans x2 Bedsheets/tablecloths x2
Pairs of socks/underwear x10
Pairs of pillowcases or one jumper

7kg washing machine

This washing machine can wash 35 t-shirts at single load comfortable but for normal use:


Household items

Lightweight tops x10 Small towels x5
Trouser/Jeans x4 Bedsheets/tablecloths x2
Pairs of socks/underwear x20 Duvet cover
Pairs of pillowcases or one jumper

9 kg washing machine

This washing machine can wash 45 t-shirts at single load comfortable but for normal use:


Household items

Lightweight tops x12 Small towels x6
Trouser/Jeans x5 Bedsheets/tablecloths x2
Pairs of socks/underwear x22 Duvet cover
Pairs of pillowcases or one jumper

 10kg+ washing machine

This washing machine can wash 50+ t-shirts at single load comfortable but for normal use:


Household items

Lightweight tops x15 Small towels x8
Trouser/Jeans x5 Bedsheets/tablecloths x3
Pairs of socks/underwear x30 Duvet cover x2
Pairs of pillowcases or two jumper

Other key factors:

Before deciding the right size for you/your family consider a few facts such as –

  • Number of family members
  • Availability of space
  • How frequently do you wash
  • Type of clothing you wash

Note on big things:

If you wish to wash bulky items like blankets or curtains, then you are going to need lots of room inside your washer to properly do that. A small washing machine, especially the top loaders, will not provide you with enough space to conduct this type of cleaning. It could damage or tear them while washing in a top loader washer.

On the other hand, the front loader machines can handle cleanings pretty smoothly. You will need at least a 10kg capacity of washer if you wish to clean blankets or curtains in it.

Load Type:

There are two types of washing machines available – Top load machine and front load machine. Both have their different capacities and specification. Let’s see what matches your requirements? – a top loader one or a front loader one?

Top Loading Washing Machine –

The top-loading washing machines usually come with a central agitator. You have to put your laundry from the top to the tub. The wash program to choose from is limited. However, it is user-friendly and easy to use. It is not recommended to wash bulky items in top-loading washers.

Front Loading Washing Machine –

The front-loading washers have impellers instead of agitators. Both of them do the same job of rotation. They offer better wash quality and have many wash programs to choose from. The tub in this machines is placed horizontally. Also, it requires little water to soak and is ideal for washing curtains or blankets.

Available Space:

A standard washing machine is generally 85 cm high x 59-60 cm wide x 50-60 cm deep. Make sure you have the correct measurement of your room and have enough space to accommodate the washer that you will be buying.

We hope the topics we discussed above will help you choose the right capacity washing machine for you and your family. Make sure to set your priorities and then go through the washer’s description thoroughly to know more about it.

When choosing baby hair oil for your child, you cannot afford to go wrong. Babies have delicate skin, and that applies to their scalp as well. As such, picking the wrong hair oil can be a costly mistake.

Best Baby Hair Oil Products in India

How to Pick Best Hair Oil for Baby ?

Before you buy hair oil for your baby, you need to ensure that it is safe. Here are some unique points you need to consider when shopping for the best hair oil for your baby:

Baby’s Skin Type

When shopping for hair oil, you need to know how sensitive your baby’s skin is. Find out whether there are any ingredients like mineral oils, fragrance, sodium Laureth sulfate, and paraben that can irritate the baby’s skin.

Some of the ways to tell whether your baby has sensitive skin is looking out for rashes, dry skin, temporary redness, and tightness of the skin.

Though you may notice these signs on your baby, the best way to determine what triggers them is by talking to a pediatrician.
Consult the doctor and seek advice on the kind of oil you need to buy or the ingredients that your baby oil products should have.

Hair Oil Ingredients

Every parent should pay attention to the ingredients of a baby hair oil product before making a purchase. Since baby skin is highly sensitive, you want to protect it from ingredients that could harm it.

Take time to read the ingredients and see whether they have any adverse effects of each. Organic ingredients such as extra virgin olive oil, coconut or calendula extract, jojoba oil, etc. are good with the baby scalps because baby hair produces very low levels of natural oil.

The shortage of natural oils puts their hair health at risk. When your baby’s hair is exposed to the sunshine, dirt, and sweat, it needs these natural oils for nourishment.

When shopping for baby hair oil, opt for a product that contains organic oil to cater to these needs to maintain good hair health for your little one.

Baby’s Growth Stage

When buying baby hair oil, you need to consider how your baby’s age and which growth stage they are in. At birth, your baby’s scalp and hair are quite sensitive – they are prone to breakage and dryness. Babies are born with soft, fine hair known as Vellus.

As they grow, this hair is replaced by stronger, thick hair called terminal hair. When they are newly born, babies require special care of their scalp and hair. This means that at this stage, you need hair oil that can provide this specialized care.

When their terminal hair grows, your baby’s hair care needs will change. After three months, you will begin to notice some yellow flakes on the baby’s scalp or hair. Though this can look like dandruff, it is a crusty scale known as cradle cap.

If your child has this skin condition, you may have to get a baby hair oil product that can treat it well to ensure your baby’s hair stays healthy and presentable.

3. Mamaearth Nourishing Hair Oil for Babies

Mamaearth Nourishing Baby Hair Oil with Almond and Avocado

Mamaearth is an Asian brand that holds a MadeSafe Certification. The company develops toxin-free, natural skin, pregnancy, and hair products for men, women, and babies. All products on Mamaearth are dermatologically tested, approved by the FDA, and are made by parents.

Mamaearth Nourishing Hair Oil for Babies does not contain any chemicals or artificial fragrance. Mamaearth is readily available and comes at different sizes and prices. This baby hair oil contains natural ingredients, including coconut, almond, and avocado oils that offer numerous health benefits to baby scalp and hair.

It boosts baby hair growth and improves hair texture, making it easy for parents to maintain. Mamaearth can treat cradle cap in babies. It comes in a safe, leakage proof package that makes it convenient to travel with.


2. Mom and World Baby Hair Oil

Mom and World Baby Hair Oil With Organic and ColdPressed Natural Oil for Kids

Mom and World is a brand driven by parents who want to keep their families safe. The company sells safe, natural products that are free of toxic compounds. On Mom and Work, you will find natural face, skin, and hair products for mums and babies.

The Mom and World cold-pressed baby hair oil contains a blend of natural oils and has no chemicals. Enriched with coconut, almond, jojoba, and olive oils, this baby hair oil does not have artificial fragrance, colorants or preservatives. It has a sweet natural smell and is capable of boosting your baby’s hair growth effectively.

Mom and World hair oil get absorbed into the baby’s skin pretty fast. It is mild on both baby scalp and skin. As such, mothers can use this product to massage their babies to help them relax and sleep better.


1. Johnson’s Baby Hair Oil

Johnsons Baby Hair Oil

This baby hair oil has been tested by dermatologists and clinically approved as a mild and gentle product. It is rich in avocado and pro-vitamin B5 and has passed a 5 level safety assurance process.

Johnson baby hair oil has a pleasant smell and works well in moisturizing baby hair. It boosts hair growth, softens, and maintains the natural color and texture of baby hair.

A child in middle school is old enough to start setting goals, which have to be achieved. Every academic year should commence with one because such goals help to clearly define what it is they exactly want in order to succeed.

These initial goals are going to decide their long-term goals. While setting goals the student must remember his limitations, hence they must be realistic in their approach. An unattainable target will only serve to put them off.

The student having identified his priorities must work hard to see that they remain that way. A considerable amount of sacrifice is necessary on the part of the student, for it is not easy to ignore the numerous temptations that come their way.

Fixed times for study in a relatively quiet place will go a long way in achieving those short-term goals. Have specified targets everyday and see that those are achieved. Allot time to review whatever has been learnt. Reinforcing constantly the principles that have been learnt ensures that the subject matter goes into the long-term memory. The three R’s Read, Review and Recollect must be followed diligently.

Concentration is another area that children constantly have to work on. In spite of all the good intentions that they have, the mind tends to wander. To forcibly bring it back and take off from where they left is often a Herculean task. While reading, students can underline or highlight important parts.

This reinforces what they have read and also helps them to be aware of what they are doing. Making notes in the margin, writing down points to be clarified, and summarizing what has been learnt augments study. While taking down notes in the classroom, the focus should be only on the salient points. While studying the same chapter, additional points can be noted down under the same heading. This will ensure that the chapter is properly covered.

Math has been the bane of many a student. They fail to realize however, that with constant practice, they can easily assimilate the principles, which initially posed a problem. Whether it is is learning dates, or drawing maps, paraphrasing poetry or memorizing formulas, try and use associative techniques to help you remember.

Preparing for tests and exams should not be an overnight affair. Constant learning and revision will increase your familiarity with the subject and tackling the test will be child’s play. Learn to manage time effectively by doing the easy questions first and the difficult ones later. Allot time for revision to correct any silly mistakes that have occurred.

Active participation in extra curricular activities has been known to augment middle school study skills. Doing something different everyday makes studying more pleasant and the students feel good about themselves. Nothing can be healthier than this.

Middle school study skills are the bridge between infancy and adulthood, a very important bridge, which needs to be strong to weather any storm.

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The ‘Good Health is wealth’ is an adage that does not change even for a pregnant woman and the best way to maintain overall health is to exercise regularly.

In fact a moderate and regular exercise regimen during pregnancy can improve the tone and strength of muscles, boost energy levels and even help to keep those varicose veins at bay.

A word of caution though—be careful about the kind of exercise that you do. Safety first should be your watchword. Check out with the obstetrician whether you can exercise and after 20 weeks any exercise that requires you to be in a supine position is taboo.

In the initial stages of pregnancy, it is easier to exercise but as it advances, remember that your body weight and balance is altered. So you need to modify your exercise program accordingly. Walking, swimming or riding a stationary bike have always been good options, but be careful to gradually he time you spend exercising.

When you exercise, the supply of blood and oxygen to the muscles is increased. This means that the flow to other parts is considerably reduced. Hence any workout should neither be strenuous nor should it cause you to feel exhausted. Exercise is supposed to benefit you and the baby. That, remember is the bottom line. A warm up before exercise and a cool down after is important.

If you are one of those fitness freaks who have always exercised even before pregnancy, you can maintain the same routine with slight modifications. In fact there is no hard and fast rule. Exercise so long as you feel comfortable.

Avoid any exercise that poses a risk. Horseback riding, skiing, scuba diving, playing jerky and vigorous games like tennis and hockey are better avoided. Light Swimming is seen to be beneficial. It is an absolutely safe exercise that does not cause any stress to your joints. Brisk Walking is preferred to running or jogging.

Wear sensible shoes and avoid dehydration. Stretching exercises are relaxing and they tone the body. Stretch very gently and slowly. In pregnant women, the hormone relaxing causes the muscles and ligaments to be more supple and elastic than usual and it is very easy to pull a muscle.

Stretching in the water is a good idea because the water buoys you up. Kegal exercises, which strengthen pelvic muscles, augur easier births. Yoga in its non-rigorous form is extremely safe and beneficial because it eases the stress and strain on the back. So 5 minutes of slow walking or cycling followed by 15 minutes of moderate exercise and 5-10 minutes of slow activity accompanied by gentle stretching should keep you in good shape.

If you can talk easily without being out of breath while you exercise, you are probably on the right track. Check your pulse rate during the workout. Multiplying that by 6 gives you the heart rate. Ensure that at no time this goes over 140 beats\minute. Wear loose fitting comfortable clothes and sensible shoes while exercising.

At high altitudes, refrain from exercising. Avoid overheating or exhaustion; drink plenty of water before, during and after exercise, and above all listen to your muscles. Stop immediately if you feel tired, dizzy, out of breath or have any abdominal pain. If you have a history of heart disease, high blood pressure or have encountered problems during earlier pregnancies, do not exercise without consulting the obstetrician. Weight training is generally not advisable. You could sprain a muscle or harm a joint.

In short exercise is good both for the mother and her baby. The benefit of exercise is transferred to the child also. It has been found that babies, which are born to women who have maintained a regimen of exercise during pregnancy, have better neurodevelopment and are stronger and healthier. So keep exercising during pregnancy and enjoy the benefits that accrue.

The aloe plant is a part of the lily family but it is Aloe barbadensis commonly called aloe Vera, which is of great significance. The health benefits of aloe Vera have been propagated throughout the world and there are very few places where it has not made a dent.

Aloe Vera is available as a gel, spray, lotion, liquid, cream and in the form of a capsule. In India, physicians have been recommending creams made from aloe Vera especially for skin eruptions and allergies. Gels and lotions have become very popular in ayurvedic pharmacies Indian cosmetologists are turning to aloe Vera more than ever before.

The gel of aloe Vera has as many as 75 nutrients, which augur good health, has also turned out to be a very popular remedy for burns and wound. One important point to note is that it must be immediately applied in order to get relief from pain.

The gel of aloe Vera is potent and it is got from the leaves. In fact, minor cuts, bruises and scrapes heal quickly on application of the gel. Even shingles, which can be very painful at times, responds to Aloe Vera.

Apart from providing relief from itching, it helps to heal the blisters and sores. For people suffering from Psoriasis, aloe Vera has provided relief by reducing the pain and itching. It has been proved that the gel causes considerable improvement in the nature of the lesions.

Although the benefits of aloe Vera are very useful for skin disorders, the juice is used in cases of people suffering from heartburn, ulcers and other digestive disorders. People suffering from indigestion or the irritable bowel syndrome have claimed that the juice of aloe Vera does provide comfort. It is sometimes used as a laxative.

This juice acts as an anti inflammatory agent and in some cases is known to reduce the amount of stomach juices that are secreted. Several Japanese studies and clinical trials that have been conducted have shown that aloe Vera does have an impact on digestive system disorders.

The benefits of aloe Vera extend even to stimulating production of collagen and elastin both of which are necessary to prevent aging of the skin. As a moisturizer, aloe Vera is very popular as it removes dead cells and also aids in the penetration of healthy substances. It reduces the intensity of pigmentation and lightens dark spots on the face,. The cosmetic industry is exploring its potential and the world may soon see a mini revolution.

Muscle pain and pain in the joints occurring because of arthritis can be alleviated by the application of aloe Vera gels or sprays. In fact if it is used regularly, it can actually help regress arthritis. The gel of aloe Vera is said to have a beneficial effect in the decrease of total cholesterol, triglycerides and blood fat lipid levels.

As these are major factors, which cause coronary heart disease, it is worth exploring its full potential. The extract of aloe Vera is known to steady even blood sugar levels.

The full power of aloe Vera and the health benefits of aloe Vera have yet to be tapped. It contains almost 20 amino acids, vital minerals like calcium, magnesium and sodium in sufficient quantities, enzymes, vitamins, polysaccharides, nitrogen and other components which make it a miracle substance

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Lohri is a popular festival celebrated on the 13th of January every year. The first association with the name is ‘Punjabi Lohri’ since it is an exclusive Punjabi festival, celebrated with great enthusiasm in the states of Punjab and Haryana. It is traditionally associated with the harvest of the rabi crop.

Celebrated a day before Makara Sankranthi, it marks the end of the winter season. It is essentially a festival dedicated to the Fire and the Sun God.

It marks the movement of the sun towards the north as opposed to the south. It is referred to as the sun becoming Uttarayan, considered to be an extremely auspicious time. People believe that the Lohri night the longest night of the year and from the next day light is meant to increase.

History of Lohri :

The origin of the festival is related to Dulla Bhatti, a robber who lived in Punjab during the reign of Emperor Akbar. Besides robbing the rich, he rescued Hindu girls who were forcibly taken to be sold in slave market of the Middle East.

He got them married to Hindu boys and provided them with dowries. He gained respect of the people and became a hero. Therefore every Lohri song has lyrics expressing gratitude to him.

Some people believe that the word Lohri comes from the word ‘loh’, a thick iron sheet tawa used for baking chapattis while others believe the festival has derived its name from Loi, wife of Saint Kabir.

Lohri Celebrations:

With the setting of the sun huge bonfires are lit and people gather around them to celebrate the Lohri festival. Dressed in rich colours people circle around the bonfire (parikrama), offering prayer to the Fire God.

They throw puffed rice, peanuts and popcorn into the fire. After the prayers are offered prashad is distributed, consisting of til, gajak, gur, peanuts and popcorn.

The celebrations are marked by traditional songs and dances. Folk songs are sung and both men and women dance around the fire celebrating the spirit of the festival. While the popular male dances are the Bhangra, Jhoomer, Luddi, Julli and Dankara, the female dances include Giddha and Kikli. A traditional dinner of makki-di-roti and sarson-da-saag is served. Rau di kheer is served as dessert.

In houses that recently had a marriage or childbirth, the celebrations are at their peak. The first Lohri of the newlyweds and new born babies are important and considered auspicious. The festival instills a spirit of brotherhood and unity and generates happiness.

It is an occasion for friends and relatives to meet, exchange gifts and greetings and spend time together. Lohri cards are a special way to express wishes on this occasion. There are special cards for friends, family, relatives, and newlywed couples among others. They usually depict themes like brotherhood, love, unity, peace and prosperity. E-cards are gaining more popularity than normal cards.

The advantage they have is that they can be personalized; available in a wide range of colours and themes with special Lohri songs and quotes, they express the right emotions.

‘Maghi’ is the day following Lohri. According to Hindus this is an auspicious day to take a holy dip in the river and give away charity. On this day sweets are prepared with sugar cane juice.
It is said ‘A good Lohri sets the tone for the whole year ahead’ the more joyous and bountiful the occasion, the greater will be peace and prosperity.


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The birth of Lord Krishna was the incarnation of Lord Vishnu. This incarnation was for ending the reign of evil Kansa whose atrocities had been troubling mankind. Janmashtami is observed is the Shravan maas on the eighth day, the birth falls in Rohini nakshatra that is in the months of August-September.

It is ceremonious to rain heavily on the night lord Krishna was born. It is said that Lord Krishna was born on a stormy night on a rainy day. All rituals and puja happen after the birth of Krishna i.e. after midnight.

Krishna Janma is celebrated with great enthusiasm throughout the country. The preparations begin much before the day of Janmashtami. A cradle is decorated with flowers and decorations. New clothes and jewellery is made to order for Bal Krishna.

Celebrations resound for two days. The first day is the day before midnight. Before Janma all the enthusiast devotees throng temples and sing bhajans and songs signifying Krishna Janma.

After the birth, the ceremony of child birth and bhog (dishes offered after puja) and aarti is done. The bhog consists of 56 varieties of food. People who observe fast on Janmashtami break it with Prasad. Next day after birth, is Kalashtami.

The fervour of the festival is most in Mathura and Vrindavan which have been mentioned to be the places of Krishna leela in the mythology. The zeal among the people is much more than at any other place. People place the baby idol of Lord Krishna in the Grabh Griha (where he was born) before midnight.

Devotees keep singing the bhajans and aartis all through the night and stories depicting Krishna Leela are chanted to add to the flavour of the night. Post birth, Abhishek is done with milk, ghee, curd butter, water and flowers. Some also prepare Panchamrit (milk, ghee, oil, honey and Gangajal) for the Abhishek.

Rasleela is the traditional dance performed by all the devotees. Another ceremony performed is Dahi Handi. Dahi Handi is an earthen pot filled with curd hanged at a height. This pot is meant to be broken by young men. These men symbolize Bal Krishna and his friends. The Dahi handi is specially celebrated in Mathura, Vrindavan, Dwarka and Mumbai.

To show the various life stages of Shri Krishna, tableaux are taken out. Children, men and women dressed in colourful traditional ghagra and cholis, dhoti kurta sing and dance along the floats. People stop and welcome the tableaux at various places. Some also perform aarti to the idols.
It is a festival observed around the world. The chain of temples like ISKON (International Society for Krishna Consciousness) which work towards preaching teachings of Lord Krishna, observe Janmashtami. The Hindu community across the globe comes together and celebrates the birth of Lord Krishna.

The Zoroastrians celebrate Jamshed Navroz on the 21st March as the first day of their calendar year. This Parsi New Year commences with the Vernal Equinox – when the length of the day equals that of the night. ‘Nav’ means new and ‘Roz’ means day and thus ‘Navroz’ means a new day.

Jamshed Navroz History:

The origin of the festival is not well established but according to popular legend the festival dates back to over 3000 years when the legendary king of Persia, Jamshedji ascended the throne on the day of ‘Navroz’. It is believed that he introduced solar calculation into the Persian calendar and also determined the date when the Sun enters the constellation of Aries. As a custom the king was weighed in gold and silver, and the money was distributed to the poor on this day.

This festival also finds mention in Shah Nameh, the Persian `Book of Kings’ written by Firdausi. According to the book, the festival was celebrated by the kings of Persia, Cyrus and Darius to rejoice in the spring and dates back to the 6th century B.C.

The first time celebration of the festival in India was started towards the end of eighteenth century when Seth Nasarvanji Kavasji Kohyaji first celebrated it in Surat. After a couple of decades Seth Merwanji Pandey started the celebrations in Mumbai which was further popularized by Khurshedji Rustamji Cama in the 20th century.

Jamshed Navroz Celebrations:

Parsis celebrate Jamshed Navroz in an elaborate manner. The celebration commences with cleaning of the house. Auspicious symbols like stars, butterflies, birds and fish are used for decoration.

The doors and windows are adorned with garlands of roses and jasmine, colourful rangolis add to the beauty. People wear new clothes along with Parsi caps on this occasion.

Ravo prepared with suji, milk and sugar and fried vermicelli cooked in sugar are special preparations for breakfast. After breakfast, people visit the Fire Temple or Agiary for a special thanksgiving prayer known as ‘Jashan’ where they offer sandalwood to the Holy Fire. After the ceremony is over, they greet each other by saying, ‘Sal Mubarak’.

Guests are welcomed in a special way by sprinkling rosewater and rice on them and applying tilak. There is a custom to keep a copy of the Gathas, a lit lamp, an afrigan, a bowl of water containing live fish, a shallow earthenware plate with sprouted wheat or beans for prosperity, flowers for colour, a silver coin for wealth, sweets and rosewater in bowls for happiness on a table. Apart from these, the table also has seven food items beginning with ‘sh’ and ‘s’. These are meant to symbolise creation.

Food is of great importance of this day and the menu is fixed. Pulav is an integral part, while plain rice and moong dal is a must. The traditional drink is falooda, prepared from milk flavoured with rose essence.

It is one of the three main festivals celebrated by the Parsi community. It symbolizes the spirit of friendship, happiness and harmony and brings people closer.

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Hemis is around 35 km, while the Gompa is nearly 45 km to the south of Leh. The place is well known for Hemis Gompa, the Monastery and the two-day colourful festival by the same name.

The Monastery:

Hemis Gompa also known as Chang Chub Sam Ling in the local language or the lone place of the compassionate person is one of the biggest and wealthiest monasteries in the region of Leh and Ladakh. At an altitude of 12,000 feet, it is one of the highest settlements of the world.

It is situated inside the Hemis National Park. Over 350 years old, architecturally it is unique because of its intrinsic design qualities..

The Monastery is extremely beautiful and grand, decorated in Tibetan style. The Monastery boasts of a rich collection of ancient relics – thankas and copper gild statue of the Lord Buddha, stupas made of gold and silver and other such objects.

The Hemis Gompa Festival:

Hemis Gompa is also a two-day festival organized from the 9th to 11th day of the 5th Tibetan month, which falls in the month of June-July. It is one of the most important festivals in the Buddhist calendar, organised on the birth anniversary of Guru Padmasambhava also known also as Guru Rimpoche. He was the founder of Tantric Buddhism and is credited with preaching the message of spiritual harmony and prosperity among human beings.

The prime attractions of the festival are Cham dances and traditional music that is played using the beating of drums, clashing of cymbals and long horns. Sacred masked dances are performed by resident lamas of the Monastery; they are a re-enactment of the magical feats of Guru Rimpoche in his services to the cause of Buddhism in his eight different manifestations.

The monks dress up as demons and Gods portraying battles between good and evil spirits. Lamas with red-robes and tall tufted hats bang on drums and crash symbols as others leap to fight off demons.

Women adorn themselves with the perak, an elaborate headdress with woven strips of beads and turquoise, silver dangles, and upright ears of braided yak hair. The portrait of sacred Guru Rimpoche is put for devotees to show their respect. Each family carries yak-butter tea, a canister of tsampa and roasted barley flour.

There are various tales about the festival, its origin and celebrations, the essence of all being – the battle of good with evil and the arrival of Buddhism in Ladakh. The message of the festival symbolizes the victory of good over evil, knowledge over ignorance and virtue over vice.

Hemis Gompa is one of the many things about Ladakh which make it unique and special. The grand Monastery and colourful festival are a treat to the eyes. Celebrated with great vigour, it is of the largest and best Buddhist festivals, attracting people from around the world.

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