Microbiology is basically an important branch of biology. It studies growth, characteristics and various other aspects related to the life cycle of microbes such as viruses, protozoan, bacteria, algae and fungi. The main focus of this field is study of microorganisms and their relationship with other creatures. Microbiologists are highly trained professionals that examine different specimens and their consequence on the life of human beings. These scientists not only study the characteristics and growth of a variety of microscopic organisms but also their impacts on humanity. Microbiology is a very promising field that has great influence on our society and human beings in general.

A microbiologist scrutinizes biological medicine, proteins and cellular tissues. He/she is trained in identifying and observing different chemical reactions and responses. His role further extends to studying samples of soil, air and water and carrying out numerous experiments and come out with new research methods. They spend most of their working time in research laboratories and in understanding the life processes of microscopic organisms. Development of new biofuels, agricultural products, new medications and vaccines wouldn’t have been possible without the crucial contribution of microbiologists. As this is a very vast field, microbiologists specialize in different fields of this discipline. For instance, if one prefers understanding epidemics, food poisoning then other one can specialize in addressing pollution issues and studying one type of microorganism. The job demands use of a variety of complex equipment such as spectrometers, electronic sterilizers, cell sorters, and electron microscopes for experiments.

One must have a bachelor’s degree to enter into this field however, most of the microbiologists have a master or doctorate degree. The classes have intensive classroom instruction and laboratory work. Most popular options include the Master of Science in Molecular Genetics or Ph.D. in Microbiology and Immunology. One can specialize in any of the several subjects available under this discipline. Microbiology is an evolving field where new studies and findings is a common thing. One must keep himself abreast of latest happenings in this industry.

Microbiology is an emerging career choice in India. Many youths are taking this career seriously. Several institutions all over India are offering this course at under graduate as well as at post graduate levels. One must pass 10+2 in science stream to seek admission in an undergraduate program while for postgraduate programs, the candidates should have a Bachelor’s degree in microbiology/Life science.

Some of the reputed institutes imparting knowledge in microbiology in India are:-
Birsa Institute of Technology, Jharkhand,
All India Institute of Medical Sciences (A.I.I.M.S.), New Delhi,
Christian Medical College, Tamil Nadu,
Andhra University-College of Science and Technology, Andhra Pradesh,
Banaras Hindu University: Faculty of Science, (Uttar Pradesh),
C.M.S. College of Science and Commerce, (Tamil Nadu),
Barkatullah Vishwavidyalaya, (Madhya Pradesh)
Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Kolkata
Hindustan Academy of Education Research and Training, Greater Noida

There are several specializations available in the field of microbiology. Professionals can work as bacteriologists, medical microbiologists, environmental microbiologists, protozoologists, food microbiologists, biochemist, industrial microbiologists, mycologists, biotechnologist, geneticists, biomedical scientist, virologists, cell biologists, aeromicrobiology and immunologists. A trained microbiologist can find good job opportunities in laboratories, health care organizations, research institutes and pharmaceutical companies.