First aid at home : You can treat some childhood injuries at home. But sometimes they’re severe enough to require a visit to your pediatrician, or even a trip to the hospital.
|THE INJURY||Your daughter trips and cuts her arm on a sharp rock||A cup of hot coffee spills onto your child’s leg.||Your child sticks a coat hanger into an electrical socket.||Your child swallows aspirin.||Your toddler is choking on a toy part and can’t breathe.|
|FAST FIRST AID TREATMENT||If the cut is superficial, wash it and apply an antibiotic and a bandage. For a deeper wound, apply direct pressure for several minutes, using a clean cloth, until bleeding has stopped. Then clean and bandage as above.||Rinse the burned area in cool water for at least five minutes. Apply a cold compress to the spot, and give your child acetaminophen for the pain.||All injuries involving electricity should be reported to a doctor. If your child looks pale of feels sick, have him lie down and elevate his feet. Be sure to monitor his condition closely until you can get him to his pediatrician.||Check your child’s mouth, and remove any remaining pills or fragments with a washcloth. do not give her anything to eat or drink.||Perform the Heimlich maneuver: Stand behind your child with your arms around her waist. Make a fist, and hold it with out other hand against her abdomen, just below the rip cage. Pressing firmly but gently, give upward thrusts until the object is expelled.|
|SHOULD YOU SEEK MEDICAL HELP? YES.||If the bleeding doesn’t stop after five minutes or pressure or if the wound is very deep or gaping, go to the hospital (You should also go to the hospital if the wound is on your child’s face, neck, or head.)||If the skin blisters or if the burn surrounds a joint, your child should see his doctor. If he’s scalded over a large part of his leg, call your doctor / hospital right away and cover him with a clean sheet to prevent hypothermia.||In more severe cases – is he’s unconscious or if the shock involved water – call your doctor immediately. check your child’s breathing and pulse. If he has a pulse but isn’t breathing, perform rescue breathing. If he doesn’t have a pulse, perform CPR until help arrives.||Call your doctor/hospital immediately and follow the directions. Have the aspirin bottle on hand so you can describe it. If your child is not breathing or is convulsing, call your doctor or hospital||If your child loses consciousness, perform rescue breathing while someone else calls a doctor. Even if your child seems fine after a choking incident, you should bring her to the pediatrician to make sure the obstruction has been completely removed.|
WHAT YOU MUST NOT DO :
Don’t panic. The most important thing to remember in an emergency is to remain calm.
Don’t slap a coughing child on the back or stick your fingers in his throat to remove an object. This could sometimes push it farther his windpipe.
Don’t apply ice to a burn -it may freeze the area and slow healing. Don’t apply any ointments to serious burns unless a doctor has seen them.
Don’t move a child who complains of neck or back pain or can’t feel or move parts of his body. He may have suffered a neck or back injury, & further movement may make the problem worse.
Don’t touch a shock victim which is still attached to the source of electricity. Instead, switch off the current at its source or pull out the plug. If you cannot disconnect the power source, separate your child from the current with a nonconductive object, such as a wooden stick.
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